A form of sophistry is to reduce all opposing viewpoints to hate or fear. I call this Tactical Freudianism.
Tactical Freudianism: the psychopathologization of the mental state or motivation of an opponent.
I see Tactical Freudianism as a variety of ad hominem, where rather than attack the argument, you simply label the opponent’s psychology as pathological. Just is an ad hominem is a label applied to ‘the man’ rather than the argument, Tactical Freudianism is a label applied to the psychological state or motivations of the arguer. In the scale of sophistry, Tactical Freudianism is a step above the basic-bitch tactic of calling your opponent a racist or a fascist. It’s still nothing more than sophistry.
Tactical Freudianism incorporates elements of gaslighting, where you attempt to convince someone that their sane judgement is actually mad. To label an argument as hate or fear or x-phobia, is to provide false information with the purpose of making the opponent doubt his own memory, perception or sanity.
Those who understand that Muslims are a clear and present danger to the West are Islamophobes. They are gaslighted into believing that their perception of the danger of Muslim invasion is due to faulty memory, perception or sanity.
We see this tactic applied widely, in all mediums. Tactical Freudianism. Call it when you see it.
Note @Outsideness sent me a tweet reminding me of Adorno, with a link to this Wiki page. Excellent addition.